Wiki Page Content

How Authentication works with MoinMoin

MoinMoin historically has supported only username/password authentication and cookie-based sessions: you log in via the login form, moin sets a cookie and from then on this cookie is used for authenticating you - until you log off and the cookie gets deleted (or until the cookie expires).

In many environments this is often not optimal as access restrictions should be based on other user databases like LDAP (Active Directory). Hence, modular authentication was developed for MoinMoin. You use the auth configuration value to set up a list of authenticators that are processed in exactly that order.

When an external user database is used you do not want to recreate all users in moin. For this case the authenticator objects which support user profile creation/updating have a parameter autocreate. If you set it to True a new user profile will be created/updated automatically when a (new) user has passed authentication.

Presently the following authenticators are supported:

  • Server setup

    Authentication

    Authenticator class in moin

    All

    by moin via username/password

    MoinMoin.auth.MoinAuth

    by PHP session

    MoinMoin.auth.php_session.PHPSessionAuth

    by moin via external cookie

    see contrib/auth_externalcookie/ and HelpOnAuthentication/ExternalCookie

    by OpenID

    MoinMoin.auth.openidrp.OpenIDAuth

    OpenID verification by http://botbouncer.com/

    MoinMoin.auth.botbouncer.BotBouncer

    Apache with CGI, modpy or FastCgi

    by Apache modules: HTTP Basic, HTTP Digest, SSPI (aka NTLM) or LDAP

    MoinMoin.auth.http.HTTPAuth

    by moin via LDAP

    MoinMoin.auth.ldap_login.LDAPAuth

    by moin via a remote moin wiki

    MoinMoin.auth.interwiki - still experimental

    Apache+SSL with CGI, modpy or FastCgi

    by Apache via SSL client certificate

    MoinMoin.auth.sslclientcert.SSLClientCertAuth

    Twisted

    HTTP Basic (but does not request authentication by header, so this is currently only useful for automated stuff, not for browser use; uses Moin's internal user database but on its own does not allow signing up, hence only useful together with MoinAuth)

    MoinMoin.auth.http.HTTPAuth

    IIS

    HTTP Basic, SSPI (aka NTLM), (?)

    MoinMoin.auth.http.HTTPAuth, (?)

Other pseudo-authenticators

These are not strictly authenticators, as they don't authenticate users, but use auth information for other purposes:

  • MoinMoin.auth.log.AuthLog

    will just log login/logout/request, nothing else

    MoinMoin.auth.smb_mount.SMBMount

    mount some smb share using user/password from login, umount on logout

Shipped plugins

MoinAuth (default)

This is the default auth list moin uses (so if you just want that, you don't need to configure it).

   1     from MoinMoin.auth import MoinAuth
   2     auth = [MoinAuth()]

HTTP authentication

To activate http authentication you have to add following lines to wikiconfig.py:

   1     from MoinMoin.auth.http import HTTPAuth
   2     auth = [HTTPAuth(autocreate=True)]

For HTTP basic auth used with a web server like Apache, the web server handles authentication before moin gets called. You either enter a valid username and password or your access will be denied by the web server.

Moin's HTTP authenticator will just check if user authentication happened and allow access if it has and a valid user is found for the given username.

Unfortunately, it is a bit more complicated:

  • For Twisted servers the authenticator uses the username and password stored in the moin user profile and allows users to change them both.
  • For NTLM and Negotiate, it splits off everything before the last backslash ("\") (usually it is "Domain\username") and we also use title() to normalize "username" to "Username".

  • See also HelpOnInstalling/ApacheOnWin32withDomainAuthentication for some win32-specific instructions.

SSL client certification authentication

To activate authentication via SSL client certificates you have to add following lines to wikiconfig.py:

   1     from MoinMoin.auth.sslclientcert import SSLClientCertAuth
   2     auth = [SSLClientCertAuth()]

SSL client certification authentication must be used with a web server like Apache that handles the SSL bits and just presents a few environment variables to Moin.

The SSLClientCertAuth authenticator has a few parameters that you pass to the constructor (example below):

Parameter

Default

Meaning

authorities

None

a list of authorities that are accepted, or None to accept all

email_key

True

indicates whether the email in the certificate should be used to find the Moin user

name_key

True

indiciates whether the name in the certificate should be used to find the Moin user

use_email

False

if set to True, the account email cannot be changed and is forced to the one given in the certificate

use_name

False

if set to True, the account name cannot be changed and is forced to the one given in the certificate

autocreate

False

if set to True, automatically create moin user profiles

For example, to accept only certificates that Apache has verified and that are signed by a certain authority, use:

   1     from MoinMoin.auth.sslclientcert import SSLClientCertAuth
   2     auth = [SSLClientCertAuth(authorities=['my.authority.tld'])]

or similar.

PHP session

To activate Single-Sign-On integration with PHP applications, use this module. It reads PHP session files and therefore directly integrates with existing PHP authentication systems.

To use this module, use the following lines of code in your configuration:

   1     from MoinMoin.auth.php_session import PHPSessionAuth
   2     auth = [PHPSessionAuth()]

PHPSessionAuth has the following parameters:

   1     PHPSessionAuth(apps=['egw'], s_path="/tmp", s_prefix="sess_")
  • apps is a list of enabled applications

  • s_path is the path of the PHP session files

  • s_prefix is the prefix of the PHP session files

The only supported PHP application is eGroupware 1.2 currently. But it should be fairly easy to add a few lines of code that extract the necessary information from the PHP session, if you do that, please open a feature request with a patch.

OpenID (with BotBouncer)

The OpenID authentication plugin allows users to sign in using their OpenID and connect that OpenID to a new or existing Moin account. To allow users to sign in with OpenID, add the plugin to the auth list, or to require OpenID with http://botbouncer.com/ verification use:

   1     from MoinMoin.auth.openidrp import OpenIDAuth
   2     from MoinMoin.auth.botbouncer import BotBouncer
   3     auth = [OpenIDAuth(), BotBouncer("your-botbouncer-API-key")]

OpenID authentication requires anonymous sessions, set anonymous_session_lifetime to anything bigger than zero. See HelpOnConfiguration for more details on the value. For OpenID, very little time should be sufficient.

Advanced OpenID RP configuration

The OpenID RP code can also be configured for two use cases:

  1. You can force a specific provider to be used, there are two ways to achieve this:
    • Simply configure the OpenIDAuth authenticator like this:

      auth = OpenIDAuth(forced_service='http://myopenid.com/')
    • Create an OpenIDServiceEndpoint object and use that for the forced_service parameter:

      fs = OpenIDServiceEndpoint()
      fs.type_uris = OPENID_2_0_TYPE
      fs.server_url = 'http://localhost:8000/openidserver'
      fs.claimed_id = 'http://specs.openid.net/auth/2.0/identifier_select'
      
      auth = OpenIDAuth(forced_service=fs)
    In the latter case, no discovery needs to be done.
  2. You can specify functions to be called in various steps of the OpenID authentication process to, for example, implement Attribute Exchange. For now, this is not documented here, you'll have to look at the file MoinMoin/auth/openidrp.py.

LDAP based user authentication

The LDAP authenticator of Moin enables single-sign-on (SSO) - assuming you already have a LDAP directory with your users, passwords, email adresses. On Linux this could be some OpenLDAP server, on a Windows server (usually the domain controller) this is called "Active Directory" (short: AD).

It works like this:

  • User enters his name and password via moin's login action and clicks on the login button.
  • On login, ldap_login.LDAPAuth checks username/password against LDAP.
    • If username/password is ok for LDAP, it creates or updates a user profile with values from ldap (name, alias, email) and creates a user object in the MoinMoin process, then it hands over to the next authenticator...

    • If username/password is not ok for LDAP, it vetoes and aborts the login (no other authenticators checked).
  • If the login was successful, moin establishes a session for that user.

LDAP auth installation / configuration

You need to install python-ldap module (and everything it depends on, see its documentation).

You need an LDAP or AD server. :)

See wiki/config/more_samples/ldap_wikiconfig_snippet in your moin dist archive for a snippet you can use in your wiki config.

(!) Please also read the README file in that directory.

LDAP auth Problems?

MoinMoin support does not know your LDAP server setup, so please follow these steps before asking for help:

  • Configure DEBUG logging for MoinMoin.auth.ldap_login and look into the log output.

  • Verify your settings and your user/password by e.g. using ldapsearch to query your LDAP server.
    • /!\ As long as you don't manage talking to your LDAP server with such a tool, you don't need to try with MoinMoin.

  • Ask the administrator of your LDAP/AD server for help / for correct settings.
  • Maybe look into MoinMoin/auth/ldap_login.py, if you can debug or fix your problem there.

/!\ Only ask MoinMoin support if you successfully used ldapsearch (or some similar tool) and you double checked your wiki config and it does still not work with moin.

XMLRPC auth

   1 import xmlrpclib
   2 
   3 name = "TestUser"
   4 password = "secret"
   5 wikiurl = "http://localhost:8080/"
   6 
   7 homewiki = xmlrpclib.ServerProxy(wikiurl + "?action=xmlrpc2", allow_none=True)
   8 auth_token = homewiki.getAuthToken(name, password)
   9 
  10 mc = xmlrpclib.MultiCall(homewiki)
  11 mc.applyAuthToken(auth_token)
  12 # you can add more xmlrpc method calls to the multicall here,
  13 # they will run authenticated as user <name>.
  14 result = mc()

Combining multiple authenticators

For combining e.g. SSL client certificate and username/password authentication, your wikiconfig.py might contain:

   1     from MoinMoin.auth import MoinAuth
   2     from MoinMoin.auth.sslclientcert import SSLClientCertAuth
   3     auth = [SSLClientCertAuth(), MoinAuth()]

In that case, any client certificates that the user provides will be used to log him on, but if they do not provide one they still have the option of logging on with their username/password.

Writing your own authenticator

See the commented config file fragment contrib/auth_externalcookie/ and MoinMoin/auth/*.py in your moin distribution archive for examples of how to do authentication. Also, the docstring in MoinMoin/auth/__init__.py contains an explanation of what can be done and how it is achieved.

Authenticators can

  • use the regular login form as their user interface for entering name and password
  • use the regular logout action for logging out
  • prohibit logging out (like SSL client certificate authentication that checks for every request)
  • search existing user profiles for a "matching" user (the match needs not be the name, it can also be the email address or something you put into aliasname)
  • create a user object and let it remember what attributes were determined by authenticator (and thus should not be offered on user preferences)
  • update values in user's profile from externally provided data
  • autocreate user profiles
Feedback
Please include your contact information if you'd like to receive a reply.
Submit