Send a new packet over a datagram socket to a remote system.
int SDLNet_SendDatagram(SDLNet_DatagramSocket *sock, SDLNet_Address *address, Uint16 port, const void *buf, int buflen);
|sock||the datagram socket to send data through|
|buf||a pointer to the data to send as a single packet.|
|buflen||the size of the data to send, in bytes.|
Returns 0 if data sent or queued for transmission, -1 on failure; call SDL_GetError() for details.
Datagram sockets send packets of data. They either arrive as complete packets or they don't arrive at all, as opposed to stream sockets, where individual bytes might trickle in as they attempt to reliably deliver a stream of data.
Datagram packets might arrive in a different order than you sent them, or they may just be lost while travelling across the network. You have to plan for this.
You can send to any address and port on the network, but there has to be a datagram socket waiting for the data on the other side for the packet not to be lost.
General wisdom is that you shouldn't send a packet larger than 1500 bytes over the Internet, as bad routers might fragment or lose larger ones, but this limit is not hardcoded into SDL_net and in good conditions you might be able to send significantly more.
This call never blocks; if it can't send the data immediately, the library will queue it for later transmission. There is no query to see what is still queued, as datagram transmission is unreliable, so you should never assume anything about queued data.
If there's a fatal error, this function will return -1. Datagram sockets generally won't report failures, because there is no state like a "connection" to fail at this level, but may report failure for unrecoverable system-level conditions; once a datagram socket fails, you should assume it is no longer usable and should destroy it with SDL_DestroyDatagramSocket().
You should not operate on the same socket from multiple threads at the same time without supplying a serialization mechanism. However, different threads may access different sockets at the same time without problems.
This function is available since SDL_Net 3.0.0.